Создайте собственную батарею Chemalloy
The structure of a chemalloy battery is very simple and is similar to a conventional store bought battery. However, this is where the similarity ends. What makes the chemalloy battery unique is the fact that it does not contain a strong acid or alkaline solution that would quickly deteriorate it. Batteries that you buy from a store are too acidic or alkaline and this is what causes them to die out quickly. Instead, a 0.9% saline (sodium chloride) solution is used for the ion transport vehicle (the conductivity of the battery). When it is first assembled a protective black oxide layer forms on the anode that protects it from destructive corrosion with the solution. This oxide layer is porous and allows a minute reaction to occur between the alloy and saline solution. This reaction generates a potential difference between the carbon cathode cylinder and alloy anode rod that allows energy to be efficiently transported from the sodium chloride ions.
The anode alloy that is used in the do-it-yourself battery is similar to an alloy that was used in the late 1960's, early 70's, for welding aluminum. It was called "chemalloy." The difference in the alloy that we sell on our website as compared to the original alloy is that it does not contain toxic lead. When this alloy is used in a home-brewed chemalloy battery it does not get used up as quickly as a store bought battery. This does not imply that it is a catalyst. Bruce Perreault has been telling people for years that chemalloy is not a catalyst. The notion that chemalloy is a catalyst is a myth that has been passed amongst some alternative energy researchers. The modern chemalloy battery is extremely efficient due to its extremely slow oxidation rate.
Newly assembled cells generate more power at the start and then they level out to a slightly lower level. The cells that we built are 8” long x 1” diameter (including solution vessel). Using a chemalloy anode and center drilled graphite rod we obtained an output voltage of 1.6 volts open voltage, which remains constant. 130 milliamps was obtained shunted across our Simpson meter. This is equivalent to around 1/3rd of a watt.
You don't have to build them exactly as we have to obtain good results. One test demonstrated that two chemalloy batteries generated ten amp-hours of electrical current before the test was halted to check their anodes for deterioration. Little decay was found and we can't speculate how long the cells would have continued generating electrical power. We don't know how long a chemalloy battery will last. One cell was disassembled after powering a light emitting diode for 2,000 hours (over 84 days). It showed no sign of decay and could have continued to power the light emitting diode. The same light emitting diode powered with two store bought AAA cells remained lit for only 60 hours (2.5 days).
Increasing cathode surface area increases available current. Increasing anode surface area has little effect. Chemalloy batteries can be combined in series for more voltage and in parallel for more current. There is no reason why it is not possible to combine enough cells to obtain several hundred watts and then build their energy up by charging storage batteries to several kilowatts for later use.
Basic assembly instructions
Cut 1/4" alloy rod to about 4.5 inches;
Cut 3/4" diameter graphite gouging welding rod to five inches;
Drill center of graphite rod with a 1/2" drill bit;
Cut plastic tubing to six inches;
Insert rubber grommet onto the ends of alloy rod;
Secure insulated red wire to the outside of graphite cylinder using non-corrosive stainless band obtained from McMaster Carr;
Secure insulated black wire to one end of the alloy rod;
Seal electrical wires with silicone sealant;
For additional corrosion resistance use heat shrink over silicone sealed areas;
Assemble cell as shown in the above photo;
Add saline solution;
Add seven drops of household cleaning ammonia to a one gallon solution;
Secure assembly with end cap;
You can also add powdered manganese dioxide with dampened with saline solution to dramatically increase cell output.
*notes: Increasing the diameter of the graphite rod increases the available current but doesn't increase the voltage.
Increasing the diameter of the alloy rod has little or no no effect on the output current.
Saline solution formula
Distilled water + 36g of sun dried sea salt per gallon of water... 1 gallon of water (3,770g) divided by 36g of solar salt + = 0.9% salinity
You can alternately use Pharmaceutical Saline = 0.9% (9g of salt per liter of water) but the first formula works best
Add 8 drops of household ammonia to your one gallon solution to increase amperage.